Heavy machinery, commercial vehicles, special purpose military vehicles, racing cars, and bikes use this type of clutch. The transmission system of an automobile includes clutch, gear box, propeller shaft axle and wheels, etc. For structural analysis hypermesh software is used. Let t torque transmitted by the clutch, p intensity of axial pressure with which the contact surfaces are held. Study the design aspects and function of wet type multiplate. Calculate the frictional forces and torque capabilities in brake systems. A 2d drawing is drafted for multi plate clutch from the calculations and a 3d model is created in the 3d modeling software proengineer. Clutches in typical cars are mounted directly to the face of the engines flywheel, as this already provides a convenient large diameter steel disk that can act as one driving plate of the clutch.
For numerical calculation to find out the load carried out by the single clutch plate is done by using uniform pressure and uniform wear theory 12. Hence making clutch operations automatic will reduce human effort. When the clutch is pressed, the pressure plate moves back against the force of the springs, and the clutch plate becomes free between the flywheel and the pressure plate. A single plate is commonly used in cars and light vehicles. Jan 19, 2018 clutch in hindifunction, types of clutch plate clutch cone clutch centrifugal clutch gtutomkom duration.
Properties of engineering materials and design data for machine elements by abdulla shariff, dhanpat rai, et. This makes transmit power between the engine shaft and the transmission shaft of a vehicle. When it is gripped, rotates the clutch shaft and the power is transmitted from the engine to the transmission through the clutch. Mainly it consists of a clutch plate with both side friction lining and some other parts which helps in the proper functioning of a clutch like flywheel, pressure plate, thrust bearing, hub, springs and input mechanism for engaging and disengaging of clutch. Also, they present different types of design for the clutch plate for passenger cars fig. Calculate frictional brake horsepower and recognize how to use it. Design and analysis of diaphragm spring of a single plate dry. Thelow gear is then thrown in, and thefootpedal slowly re leased. Optimized clutch contact bearing this design with optimized clutch contact has a special plastic washer. In this paper, we design a multi plate clutch by using empirical formulas. A complete clutch system generally consists of a flywheel or dual mass flywheel, clutch disc, clutch cover, releaser, and the clutch actuator. Introduction to clutch clutch types, principle, types of.
It has only one clutch plate which is mounted on the splines of the clutch shaft. If clutches have not been correctly aligned, they will start juddering or fail to disengage immediately afterwards. Study the design aspects and function of wet type multi plate clutch rahul a. Daikin clutch fundamentals and product guide published by exedy. The design of single plate clutch is drawn by using theoretical calculation results. A wet clutch is operated in an oil batch whereas a dry clutch does not use oil.
Concept of clutches clutches and bearings theory of. What is multiplate clutch main parts, types and working. Mathematical modelling of temperature rise in clutch and design, analysis and fabrication of cooling system for clutch. Introduction to clutch clutch types, principle, types of clutches introduction to transmission. Thus, the engine power is transmitted to the crankshaft to the clutch shaft. Design and structural analysis of single plate friction clutch abstract in design of the friction clutches of automobiles, knowledge on the.
Professional clutch replacement should always involve replacing the clutch pressure plate, driven plate, and centrally actuated release mechanism. Design and structural analysis of single plate friction clutch. The release levers are hinged inside the pressure plate to pry on and move the pressure plate face away from the clutch disc and flywheel. Alignment correct alignment of the clutch is frequently ignored. Md16 clutches and brakes university of northern iowa. Consider two friction surfaces maintained in contact by an axial thrust w. Department of automobile engineering, anna university, madras institute of technology ampus, indiac rahulmitautomobile. In this research paper we will find the way to design the cupped spring washer. Design of cupped spring washer in automobile clutch. Pdf design and analysis of clutch plate for automatic single plate clutch ijsrd journal academia. The pseudorigidbody model prbm, rigidbody replacement synthesis, forcedeflection analysis, compli. Thefootpedalispresseddown,thusthrowingtheclutchout. Chapter 10 automotive clutches, transmissions, and transaxles. Transmission is the mechanism which is used to transfer the power developed by engine to the wheels of an automobile.
Kakde assistant professor, department of mechanical engineering vidarbha institute of technology,umrer road, nagpur. Some racing clutches use small multi plate disk packs that are not part of the flywheel. The physics of diaphragm spring published by hanssermans. To analyse the bearing phenomena of clutch plate a single disk clutch plate of bajaj ct100 model is prepared in solid work with design specification 11. Mathematical modelling of temperature rise in clutch and. Clutch in hindifunction, types of clutch plate clutch cone clutchcentrifugal clutchgtutomkom duration. Jun 26, 2017 what is multiplate clutch main parts, types and working. Conventional transmission system using single plate clutch has to perform 15 operations to shift from low speed to high speed, out of the 10 operations are clutch operations. Centrifugal clutch working principle, main parts advantages. Design and structural analysis of single plate clutch. Jul 25, 2018 design of clutches design of transmission systems dts. Feb 17, 2016 clutch shaft is connected to the transmission. Understand the principles of heat generation and heat removal from brake systems.
Design and analysis of friction clutch plate using different materials 1 kunchala brahmaiah, 2 o hemalatha 1 pg scholar, department of mech, muffakhamjah college of engineering and technology, road no. Structural analysis of multiplate clutch request pdf. Often the ideal design solution is not about finding the fastest, sturdiest, most accurate or even the least expensive option. The amount of force the clutch can hold depends on the friction between the clutch plate and the flywheel, and how much force the spring puts on the pressure plate. The comparison result is done for using three materials to define the best material for friction plate. Investigating behaviour of multiclutch plate frictional. The clutch plate is the driving member of the clutch and is gripped between the flywheel and the pressure plate. Pdf design and analysis of clutch plate for automatic. Clutches and brakes objectives recognize the basic geometries of clutch and brake systems. This gradually forces the spider into the flywheel,due. Design and analysis of an automotive single plate clutch article pdf available in mechanics research communications 441. This types of clutches use multiple clutches to make frictional contact with a flywheel of the engine. Design of clutches design of transmission systems dts. Among the numerous criteria used to determine clutch size and clamp load configuration, maximum engine torque and the resulting friction energy are especially significant.
Optimization of shape and design parameters of the rigid. The clutch found in vehicles equipped with a manuallyshifted transmission consists of a massive pressure plate, a clutch disk featuring bonded or riveted friction surfaces and the second friction surface represented by the engine mounted flywheel. Clutch clamp load, diaphragm spring, dry clutch, single plate clutch. With the analysis results, we check whether the design is safe or not, comparing the result with theoretical calculation and theoretical results. D, department of mech, muffakhamjah college of engineering and technology. This paper shows the design of single plate clutch in automobile. It is mounted on the clutch shaft through the splines. A single plate clutch is consisting of various parts. The aim of the project is to design a multi plate clutch by using empirical formulas. When the clutch pedal is pressed, a cable or hydraulic piston pushes on the release fork, which presses the throwout bearing against the middle of the diaphragm spring. The aim of this work was to design a single disk friction clutch plate made of kevlar 29 and optimize the design, based on. Naunheimer and bertha 4 presented the design procedures for the friction clutch, and the parameters that affect the clutch performance. During clutch action, the pressure plate moves back and forth inside the clutch cover.
Solid mechanics tutorial friction clutches this work covers elements of the syllabus for the edexcel module 21722p hncd mechanical principles outcome 3. Pdf design and analysis of an automotive single plate clutch. Kakde assistant professor, department of mechanical engineering vidarbha institute of technology,umrer road, nagpur assistant professor, department of mechanical engineering dr. Apr 20, 2019 a multi plate clutch is a type of clutch that transmits more power from the engine to the transmission shaft of an automobile vehicle and also, makes up for the torque loss due to slippage. Design and structural analysis of single plate friction clutch mr.
Its working is totally depends upon the centrifugal force created by the driving member engine or motor. Jan 31, 2018 a multi plate clutch is a type of clutch in which the multiple clutch plates are used to make frictional contact with the flywheel of the engine in order to transmit power between the engine shaft and the transmission shaft of an automobile vehicle. As the clutch engages the plates are pushed together by the actuator. Small cliptype springs fit around the release levers to keep them rattling when fully released. The centrifugal force is used to engage the clutch with driven shaft. Nov 11, 2019 clutches and brakes design and selection willium c. Clutch is one of the essential components in automobiles. This plate is called the pressure plate, the other plate, the friction plate is connected to the engine crank shaft. The main function of the clutch is to initiate the motion or increase the velocity of the vehicle by transferring kinetic energy from the. Design and analysis of friction clutch plate using ansys. The pressure plate is connected by an axle to the gear box and the remaining part of the powertrain. I am conducting structural analysis for above design for validating design.1154 224 1049 732 1367 1086 871 1174 155 47 1285 573 1123 602 232 731 1564 941 1245 1035 781 1252 560 1493 1539 1562 170 62 360 145 1027 1552 1144 1383 810 1320 74 235 456 308 1104 1309 1077 675 652 1193 1290 1007